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Citizenship Lawyer in North York

To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must
  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)
  • have filed their taxes
  • pass a citizenship test
  • prove their language skills in English or French
Taking the Oath of Citizenship at a citizenship ceremony is your final step to become a Canadian citizen. Citizenship ceremonies take place across the country and at all times of the year. There are special ceremonies on Canada Day and during Citizenship Week.

How to apply for Canadian citizenship?

The Canadian government is presently testing an online platform for Canadian citizenship applications. Currently, it is only available to certain applicants. Those who are not currently eligible to apply online or for a visitor visa must apply on paper. 

Eligible applicants will be required to pass the Canadian citizenship test, and may be asked to undergo an interview before a citizenship judge, if requested by IRCC. Once approved, applicants will attend a Citizenship Ceremony to take the Oath of Citizenship, where they will officially become a Canadian citizen.

Canadian citizenship test

To become a Canadian citizen, applicants must first pass a test on the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. The test is broken down into 20 questions on Canadian history geography, economy, government, laws, and symbols.   

When can I take the citizenship test

After IRCC has finished processing a citizenship application, applicants are required to take the citizenship exam. Since the COVID-19 pandemic, the citizenship exam is currently offered online only.  

To take the citizenship test online, an applicant must first wait to be invited. Once they have finished processing an application, Immigration, Refugee, Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will issue an invitation to take the citizenship test. After receiving the invitation, an applicant has 21 days to complete the citizenship test. If a citizenship applicant doesn’t pass their first test, IRCC will invite them to take the test again. 

How to study for the Canadian citizenship test?

The Canadian government provides a free study guide to help prepare for the citizenship test. 

Canadian citizenship test exemptions 

Citizenship applicants under the ages of 18, or over the ages of 54 at the time of signing the application are exempt from the citizenship test requirement.  

Who has to take the oath?

Adults and children aged 14 or over must go to the citizenship ceremony and take the oath.

Parents will get certificates of citizenship for their children under age 14. Children under age 14 don’t have to go, but are welcome to.

Get your citizenship ceremony date

In most cases, the ceremony takes place 4 to 6 months after you pass the citizenship test.

If you passed the test and don’t receive the ceremony invitation within 6 months

  • your application may be non-routine
  • we may need more information, documents, or time to review your application
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    Disclaimer: Any information on this website does not constitute legal advice

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